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External Evaluation Opportunity

Review of current income generation and revolving fund activities
To evaluate current revolving fund (RF) and income generation (IGP) activities against best practices and provide training to address weaknesses and assist in the revision of DRC Somaliland guidelines.
To this end DRC is seeking an external consultant to:

Evaluate current RF and IGP guidelines, implementation approaches and practices, with recommendations for modifications where relevant

Provide relevant market analysis tools and training for DRC Somaliland program context


DRC has been working in Somaliland since 1998 and implements development and rehabilitation programmes in Somaliland, Puntland, South and Central Somalia; Kenya; Yemen and Ethiopia.
The strategic focus of current programme is to facilitate; prepare and sustain return processes, with a focus on rural communities and districts. The basic implementation modality is integrated community and districts intervention combining communal infrastructure rehabilitation; livelihood support and peace building. The programme also includes components of emergency support and conflict resolution activities with a focus on local governance structures. The Somaliland programme makes use of direct implementation modalities as well partnership with local NGO and CBOs and is organized into three broad components:
i) Short-term interventions in urban returnee/IDP communities that are under stress owing to population pressure. In this component DRC provides a humanitarian response in the absence of interventions from authorities who have the responsibility, but not the capacity, to provide social services and other types of protection of returnee and IDP rights. Interventions typically provide support to short-term physical rehabilitation of physical assets such as water-points, medical clinics, primary schools and the provision of materials for latrines etc in the predominantly urban areas of refugee return/IDP settlements. This component focuses on emergency response with live saving activities addressing drought, floods and man made crises. Recognising the sectoral and short-term nature of these interventions, DRC collaborates with governmental, UN or NGO partners to ensure sustainability.
ii) Longer-term interventions targeting the development of the economic and institutional capacities in selected districts that have experienced either significant return or where there is a potential for the same. Owing to a relative lack of these capacities in rural areas of origin, many refugees/IDPs returning to Somalia/land do not find durable solutions upon return and settle around the major towns instead of returning to their original rural areas. By implementing integrated rehabilitation projects in these rural areas, the intention is to offer durable solutions to the returning as well as the receiving population. In recognition that in certain cases the urbanisation pressure is unavoidable, DRC includes some urban areas in this component.
iii) Support local capacities for peace and advocacy for basic human rights by working with traditional clan-based structures in the areas of traditional law, conflict resolution and human rights. This component aims to promote values, policies and capacities among the traditional leadership that contributes to their protection of individual rights and the peaceful handling of conflicts; with a particular focus on the rights of the displaced and other vulnerable people. In order to place the traditional leaders within a larger framework, DRC seek to assist communities to define the role of the traditional institutions in the development of democratic structures.
The consultancy will target the work undertaken by DRC Community Development and Income Generation staff members in Somaliland; while the training may include relevant staff from other regional horn of Africa programmes.
The consultancy will take approximately ten working days in Hargeisa, Somaliland including travel to and from Hargeisa and local travel to nearby project sites. The final report and revised guidelines will be submitted within two weeks after the completion of the field data collection.
The consultant is required to detail their approach as part of the selection process. It is expected that the approach will include at least the following elements:

Review of literature of key guidelines, strategies/methodologies, past project reports, relevant project documentation, internal reviews, etc

Visits to operational revolving funds and grant beneficiaries in Hargeisa to see first hand how they are operating.

Training workshop on current best practices for RF/IGP, revision of guidelines, and discussion on current practices and the way forward to improve them.

Revision of current guidelines on revolving fund, grants, and other livelihood activities.
The mission will produce the following outputs:
A debriefing seminar in Somaliland to discuss with relevant programme staff findings and recommendations. At the seminar the consultant should produce an overview of critical key results including analysis of current practices against best practices, introduction of new ideas and methodologies, clear recommendation and/or strategic choices and a process for implementing recommendations.
A one to two-day training workshop focusing on relevant market analysis tools with practical applications of the Market analysis tools
A two to three-day workshop to revise the guidelines with participation of relevant staff members with appropriate discussion and training as required
A concise report not exceeding 10 pages excluding annexes. The report including an executive summary that provides analysis of current practices, recommendations for best practices, approaches and strategies according to context, and annexes that include recommendations for adjustment of relevant guidelines and approaches
The Consultant expressly transfers to DRC all patents or copyrights related to any work created in connection with services provided.
The Consultant should be a proven practitioner of participatory methodologies and experienced in working with/in diverse cultural settings. In addition, the Consultant will have significant expertise in livelihood programming including revolving fund, income generation grants, market analysis, and small business. Knowledge of the Somalia context is a significant advantage
The consultant will not be allowed to sub contract another person to undertake on his/her behalf without consent from DRC management, which must be in writing.
DRC will provide a staff member that will accompany the consultant throughout the field mission to interpret and facilitate as necessary.
The Consultant must be available to commence the evaluation in late July or early August 2010. The evaluation will take 10 days in Hargeisa, Somaliland. The final report and revised guidelines must be submitted within two weeks after the completion of field data collection.
DRC will provide travel to Hargeisa and arrange local transport as required. Field transport will be organized and provided in line with existing DRC security procedures in Somaliland. DRC will not be responsible for any insurance.
For general information about the Danish Refugee Council, please consult
Applicants need to submit a concise proposal that includes:

Why they are qualified for the consultancy.

A brief methodology paper.

CVs of those directly carrying out the evaluation.

Fee requirements.

References for similar work, or documented evidence for other similar evaluations.
Submit your proposal to, indicating “Review of RF and IGP activities in Somaliland” as the subject heading.
The deadline for application submission is July 8, 2010.

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